Article abstract

Journal of Educational Research and Review

Research Article | Published January 2018 | Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 1-15

Assessing the influence of University for Development Studies school environment on student learning




Asante Job1*
Abdul-Moomen Pantah

Email Author

Tel: 0244515357.


  1.    Faculty of Integrated Development Studies, University for Development Studies, WA, Ghana.

   2.    School of Business and Law, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, Ghana.



Citation: Job A, Pantah A (2017). Assessing the influence of University for Development Studies school environment on student learning. J. Edu. Res. Rev. 6(1): 1-15.






This study sets out to examine the role school environmental factors play in students’ learning in the University for Development Studies, Wa Campus. The study looked at three specific objectives which are to assess students’ characteristics responsible for their academic achievements in the University, determine how availability of school instructional resources influence academic performance of students of the University for Development Studies and explore the challenges that students’ encounter in the existing learning environment. The study adopted descriptive design with a sample size of 92 selected with purposive, simple random sampling and stratified sampling technique. The data were analysed with the aid of descriptive statistics. The study revealed that indiscipline could have detrimental effects on the performance of the student. Other issues that were raised include students’ perception about certain issues, poor relationship with students and problems with motivation. Furthermore, the study revealed that instructional resources had an influence on academic achievements. On challenges, the study revealed that existing infrastructure is inadequate for learning. The study among other things recommended that students should develop positive attitudes towards studies. This is because no positive achievement can be attained without this. The Counseling Unit of the University should monitor the progress of students in the University. Where necessary, there should be periodic assessment of student related issues in order to identify and tackle grievances.


Keywords  Environmental factors   learning   influence   detrimental effects   academic achievement  



Abu-Hilal MM (2000). A structural model of attitudes towards school subjects, academic aspiration and achievement. Educ. Psychol. 20:75-84.

Adediwura AA, Tayo B (2007). Perception of teachers’ knowledge attitude and teaching skills as predictor of academic performance in Nigerian secondary schools. Educ. Res. Rev. 2(7):165-171.

Adepoju T (2001). Location Factors as correlates of private and Academic Performance of Secondary Schools in Oyo State. A Proposal presented at the higher students. Joint Staff Seminar Department of Teacher Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Adeyela J (2000). Problems of Teaching Science in Large Classes at the Junior Secondary School Level. Implications for Learning Outcome. Unpublished M.Ed Thesis. University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Agyemang DK (1993). Sociology of Education for African Students. Accra: Black Mask Ltd.

Akiri AA, Ugborugbo NM (2009). Teachers effectiveness and students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria. Student Home Commun. Sci. 3(2):107-113. Retrieved April 5, 2017, from

Amponsah EB, Onuoha LN (2013). The Performance and Challenges of Private Universities in Ghana and Nigeria. Int. J. Bus. Soc. Sci. 4(5): 256-263.

Aremu AO (2000). Academic performance 5 factor inventory. Stirling-Horden Publishers, Ibadan.

Asikhia O (2010). Students and Teacher's Perception of the causes of Poor Academic Performance in Ogun State Secondary Schools (Nigeria) implementations for Counseling for National Development. Eur. J. Soc. Sci. 13, 229-242.

Atuahene F, Owusu-Ansah A (2013). A Descriptive Assessment of Higher Education Access, Participation, Equity and Disparity in Ghana, SAGE Open.

Bawakyillenuo S, Akoto IO, Ahiadeke C, Aryeetey EB, Agbe EK (2013). Tertiary Education and Industrial Development in Ghana. International Growth Centre (IGC).

Bilesanmi JB (1999). A Causal Model of teacher Characteristics and Students Achievement in Some Ecological Concepts. Unpublished Ph. D Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Retrieved June 2, 2011, from

Bingab BB, Forson JA, Mmbali OS, Baah-Ennumh TY (2016). The Evolution of University Governance in Ghana: Implications for Education Policy and Practice. Asian Soc. Sci. 12(5): 47-160.

Boampong S, Obeng-Denteh W, Issaka I, Mensah PAA (2016). The Effects of Leadership Styles of Head teachers on Academic Performance at Seniagya – Effiduase Sekyere East in the Ashanti Region. Brit. J. Educ. Soc. Behav. Science 17(3): 1-12.

Bronfenbrenner U (1995). Developmental ecology through space and time: A future perspective. In P. Moen & G. H. Elder, Jr., (Eds.), Examining lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of human development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pp. 619-647.

Chukwuemeka O (2011). Environmental Influence on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Port Harcourt Local Government Area of Rivers State. J. Econ. Sustain. Dev. 4(12):34-38.

Diaz AL (2003). Personal, family and academic factors affecting low achievement in secondary school. Electron. J. Res. Educ. Psychol. Psycho pedagogy 1(1):43-66. Retrieved April 11, 2017, from http://www.investigacion

Dimbisso TS (2009). Understanding Female Students’ Academic Performance: An Exploration of the Situation in South Nations Nationalities and Peoples Regional State – Ethiopia. A Research Paper Presented in Partial fulfilment of the Requirements for obtaining the degree of Masters of Arts in Development Studies, International Institute of Social Science, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Dunne M, Leach F (2005). Gendered School Experiences: The impact on retention and achievement in Botswana and Ghana. London: DFID.

Duruji MM, Azuh D, Oviasogie F (2014). Learning Environment and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in External Examinations: A Study of Selected Schools in Ota. Proceedings of EDULEARN14 Conference 7th-9th July 2014. Education 84(1):49-68.

Engin-Demir C (2009). Factors affecting the academic achievement of Turkish Urban Poor. Int. J. Educ. Dev. 29(1):17-29.

Etsey YKA, Amedahe FK, Edjah K (2004). Do private primary schools perform better than public schools in Ghana? Unpublished Paper. Department of Educational Foundations, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast.

Fabunmi M, Brai-Abu P, Adeniji IA (2007). Class Factors as determinants of secondary school students‟ academic performance in Oyo State, Nigeria. J. Soc. Sci. 14(3):243-247. Retrieved April 16, 2017, from

Ferla J, Martin V, Yonghong C (2009). Academic self-efficacy and academic self concept: Reconsidering structural relationships. Learn. Individual Diff. 19(4):499-505.

Fettler M (1999). The relationship between measures of a teacher‟ experience with mathematics and educational level and student achievement in mathematics in the critical importance of well-prepared teachers. U. S. Department of Education. Retrieved June 2, 2011, from

George IN, Sakirudeen AO, Sunday AH (2017). Effective classroom management and students’ academic Performance in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa-Ibom State: Res. Pedagogy 7(1):43-56.

Harbison RW, Hanushek EA (1992). Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil. New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank.

Heady C (2003). The effect of child labour on learning achievement. World 31(2):358-398.

House JD (1997). The relationship between self-beliefs, academic background and achievement of adolescent Asian-American pupils. Child Study J. 27:95-110.

Jacob B, Lefgren L (2006). When Principals Rate Teachers. Education Next. Hoover Institution. Retrieved on April 1 2017 from 20062/58.html.

Johnson ES (2008). Ecological systems and complexity theory: Toward an alternative model of accountability in education. An Int. J. Complex. Educ. 5(1):1-10. Retrieved April 19 2017, from

Korir DK, Kipkemboi F (2014). The Impact of School Environment and Peer Influences on Students’ Academic Performance in Vihiga County, Kenya. Int. J. Human. Soc. Sci. 4(5): 240-251.

Koroye T (2016). The Influence of School Physical Environment on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Bayelsa State. Asian J. Educ. Res. 4(2):1-15.

Kraft RJ (1994). Teaching and Learning in Ghana. Boulder, CO: Mitchell Group.

Mahmood T, Gondal MB (2017). Effect of School Environment on Students’ Achievement: Cross Comparison of Urdu and English Medium Classes in Punjab Province. Pak. J. Educ. 34(1):67-80.

McLean R (1997). Selected attitudinal factors related to students success in high school. Alberta J. Educ. Res. 43:165-168.

Montt G (2011). Cross-national differences in educational achievement inequality. Sociol. Educ. 84(1): 49-68.

Narad A, Abdullah B (2016). Academic Performance of Senior Secondary School Students: Influence of Parental Encouragement and School Environment. Rupkatha J. Interdiscip. Stud. Hum. 8(2):12-19.

Ofoegbu FI (2004). Teacher Motivation: A Factor for Classroom Effectiveness and School Improvement in Nigeria. Gale Group. Retrieved April 20 2017, from

Ogunleye BO (2002). Evaluation of the Environmental Aspects of the Senior Secondary school Chemistry Curriculum in Ibadan, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Ojukwu MO (2017). Effect of Insecurity of School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Imo State. Int. J. Educ. Lit. Stud. 5(1):20-28.

Oselumese IB, Omoike D, Andrew O (2016). Environmental Influence on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary School. Int. J. Fundam. Psychol. Soc. Sci. (IJFPSS), 6(1):10-14.

Owoeye JS, Yara PO (2011). School Location and Academic Achievement of Secondary School in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Asian Soc. Sci. 7(5):170-175.

Ray R, Lancaster G (2003). Does Child Labour Affect School Attendance and School Performance? Multi Country Evidence on SIMPOC Data.ILO/IPEC.

Reche GN, Bundi TK, Riungu JN, Mbugua ZK (2012). Factors Contributing to Poor Performance in Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Public Day Primary Schools in Mwimbi Division, Maara District, Kenya. Int. J. Human. Soc. Sci. 2(5):127-133.

Republic of Ghana (2013). Inclusive Education Policy. Republic of Ghana. Shamaki TA (2015). Influence of Learning Environment on Students’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics: A Case Study of Some Selected Secondary Schools in Yobe State – Nigeria. J. Educ. Pract. 6(34):40-44.

Tope O (2013). Influence of school environment on the academic performance of secondary school students in Lagos State, Ego Booster Books, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Usaini MI Abubakar NB, Bichi AA (2015). The Influence of School Environment on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Am. J. Innov. Res. Appl. Sci. 1(6):2013-209.

Usaini MI, Bakar NA (2015). The Influence of School Environment on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Proceedings of ICIC2015 – International Conference on Empowering Islamic Civilization in the 21st Century, E-ISBN: 978-967-13705-0-6, pp.252-261.

Woldegiorgis ET, Doevenspeck M (2013). The Changing Role of Higher Education in Africa: A Historical Reflection. Higher Educ. Stud. 3(6):35-44.

World Bank (2004). Books, Buildings and Learning Outcomes: An Impact Evaluation of World Bank Support to Basic Education in Ghana. Washington, DC: World Bank.